India’s Emerging Role in the New World Order in Three Arenas of Global Governance – Climate Change, the UN Reform Debate and Regional Security Issues in South Asia

Bajpaj, Anandita

This research project aims to analyse India’s emerging role in a new world order in three arenas of global governance, namely climate change, the UN reform debate and regional security issues in South Asia. Two simultaneous trajectories guide the project. First, the project seeks to situate India’s rising power (political and economic) in the three aforementioned arenas within the framework of the existing discourses. This part will elucidate how India’s role has acquired paramount significance not just for the security and stability of the Asian/South Asian region but also how its economic rise and nuclear and military power, coupled with a fast paced high-tech revolution, have accorded it international attention. Thus this section will look into ongoing debates and predictions of how exactly India is emerging or will emerge, despite its obvious dilemmas of poverty, illiteracy, economic inequality, religious divides and territorial disputes with its two neighbours China and Pakistan. Second, the project will, throughout most of its content, analyse where India locates itself in these discourses? How does India perceive this emerging role in a new world order within the above mentioned three arenas? This shall be analysed via how this emerging role is depicted in political rhetoric at the foreign policy level also as a internal/domestic front. How do Indian politicians situate India within these external or internal frameworks and how is this national role conception depicted in political rhetoric? Since 1991 is frequently described as the year when such analyses and predictions of India’s rising power began to emerge, owing to impetus directed by the neo-liberal economic reforms, the project takes 1990 as its beginning point. The research shall utilize political addresses by key Indian politicians post-1990 up to the present times to analyse how they profile the nation and perceive this newly accorded role in front of both internal and external audiences. The project is funded by a DAAD grant and will be continued in 2011. The supervisors of the PhD project by Anandita Bajpaj are Ulf Engel and Matthias Middell.